Scheuerman's undergraduate degree was from Yale University in 1987. He completed a PhD in 1993 from Harvard.
His primary research and teaching interests are in modern political thought, German political thought, democratic theory, legal theory, and international political theory. After teaching at Pittsburgh and Minnesota, he joined the Indiana University faculty in 2006.
His most recent book is Civil Disobedience (Polity Press, 2018). Scheuerman authored: Between the Norm and the Exception: The Frankfurt School and the Rule of Law (MIT, 1994), which won two prestigious awards; Carl Schmitt: The End of Law (Rowman & Littlefield, 1999); Liberal Democracy and the Social Acceleration of Time (Johns Hopkins, 2004); Frankfurt School Perspectives on Globalization, Democracy, and the Law (Routledge 2008); Hans J. Morgenthau: Realism and Beyond (Polity, 2009); and The Realist Case for Global Reform (Polity, 2011). He has edited: The Rule of Law Under Siege (California, 1996); From Liberal Democracy to Fascism: Legal and Political Thought in the Weimar Republic (Humanities Press, 2000) (with Peter Caldwell); and High-Speed Society: Social Acceleration, Power, and Modernity (Penn State, 2009) (with Hartmut Rosa). Scheuerman has been published in many professional journals, including Constellations, History of Political Thought, International Theory, Journal of Political Philosophy, Politics & Society, Review of International Studies, and Social Research. A recipient of numerous prestigious grants and fellowships, he serves on editorial boards for a number of journals, including Constellations, European Journal of Political Theory, International Relations, Journal of International Political Theory, Review of Politics, and Time & Society.